The Welsh Corgi comes in two varieties, the Cardigan and the Pembroke. Both varieties are believed to have origins in the bassett hound, but their personality is more energetic and even more outgoing. These fox-like dogs are short in stature growing only 10-12 inches and weighing less than 30 lbs. Even though it has short legs, the Corgi can move surprisingly quickly and agilely. The ears are erect, the skull is flat and the eye color blends with the coat. The main difference in the two varieties is that the Cardigan has a short stiff coat , varying in color but without any white , and it's tail is long. The Pembroke on the other hand, has a reddish, beige or black coat, medium in length with patches of white or tan markings on the paws, chest and neck, and almost no tail at all.
Personality wise the Corgi is a bit of a clown. These are intelligent dogs that are relatively easy to train and love being with their people. The corgi is no push-over lap dog, they were bred to herd and protect flocks of sheep and have a strong work ethic and desire to please. This explains their tendency to act like a big dog in a small package. These are dogs intended for a relatively active life style. Some of their bad habits relate to their herding instinct; nipping at heels when children are running, chasing shoelaces, socks and slippered feet as well as the desire to chase and bark at smaller animals (like cats). This doesn't usually create a huge problem if training starts early and the owner is consistent and patient.
On a health note, any of the short legged breeds are prone to back problems. Due to their unnaturally short legs and relatively heavy bodies, corgis should not be allowed to jump on and off furniture or be asked to stand on their hind legs. Back injuries can result from alot of this type behavior and is expensive to treat and painful for the dog. As with any breed, going to a reputable breeder (not a pet store or puppy broker ) will help ensure a sound personality and a healthy dog. Training should alwyas begin young and be consistent, as should socialization with children, adults and other dogs (large and small). Corgis on the whole not only fit well with families with or without children, but also make great companions for older adults and single people too.